Robert Ballard. Black Sea was the place of  Bible flood.
Robert Ballard with his "Hercules"
On the Black Sea bottom

   The famous researcher of sea depths the American Robert Bollard, who had discovered in 1985 the sunk "Titanic", suggested his own point of view about riddle of  Noah's Ark.
According to his theory, 10 thousands years ago the Black Sea was a freshwater lake in the centre of large lowland. This fertile region with luxuriant pastures  gave the  fine possibility for  neolithic  residents to prosper and go over to more effective kind of the living  - to the agriculture.

   But there  happened  a catastrophe.

  About 7500 years ago the last ice age had finished, the world climate  became warmer, and the seas level began to increase.  The narrow strip of  land  because of earth-quake  had been burst by waters of the Aegean Sea, and the huge mass of water had gushed forth into  present Black Sea's basin with the power of two hundreds Niagara Falls. 

   Reverberations of this event were responded in all religions and myths of world,  so  it was  remain  in the descendants  memory, including the authors of Bible,  as the Great ("world-wide") Flood. At the Bollard's thought, this grandiose inundation covered  temporarily  all shore hills, to one of which Noah's Arc was came .

  The researcher set himself the task to prove, that namely in the coastal regions of present Black Sea it is possible to find out the tracks of ancient  settlers and  the remains of Noah's Arc.

   For fairness sake we ought to say, that not  all geologists and archeologists  share the Ballard's point of view. Their main argument - not high rating of Ballard as scientist. However Ballard is glorified with remarkable findings, including the sunk  ancient ships, belonging to  Romans and Phoenicians. Moreover, how it was remarked, he had found "Titanic" and also the torpedo-boat "PT-109", on which John  Fizjerald  Kennedy was fighting  in the time of Second World war.

  At the same time there are serious scientific groups (particularly in USA and Bulgaria) which stand up for the idea of Black Sea's flood.


   In 1991 the Black Sea became accessible for sea archeologists of foreign States.  Among them was also Robert  Ballard.

  The scientists were attracted by the remote past of Black Sea, when it was the animate  place of   intersection of navigators ways from Mesopotamia, Scythia, Phoenicia and others States. The cases of ships wrecks were not rare in that times, and the poor with oxygen Black Sea's  water  facilitated their well preservation. Ballard  speaks:

"In the Black Sea   are preserved  the relics  of such great  value which  surpass  all the treasures  of world's museums ".

At first time Robert Ballard had appeared on the Black Sea in 1997 and found here the new arguments to affirm his point of view on the Great Flood and on the destiny of Noah's Arc.  For instance a lot of Caucasians and Armenians  also in present time believe that they are the descendants of Noah, and on the ancient painting canvases  the mountain Ararat with Noah's Arc on  top was often represented. This myth troubles Ballard not at all, for it was always usual for  the  man  to  adjust  the historic facts to his own imagination.

Ballard found on shoal-water the remains of fresh-water molluscs, which had extincted 7000 years ago. Also the signs of erstwhile  human inhabitation at these places were discovered. To them are related ceramic crocks, stone tools and photos made by underwater camera, on which are visible wooden  joists and rectangular stone laying of size 10 on 12 meters.

The sea biologists Wolter Pitman and William Raien, who share  the Ballard's views on ancient history  of the Black Sea, had determined that ancient sea shore line which can keep the  tracks of  erstwhile human habitation, is on the depth of 150 meters. Such a depth was not in the power of  divers, therefore the researchers were able to hope only on their distantly managed underwater apparatuses.


Robert Ballard is not only skilled  underwater researcher  with much years service, but also the gifted designer  of underwater apparatuses.  Also now he had brought at the Black Sea his new unpiloted apparatus with distant managing, which had promising name "Hercules".

     The sonar's  imitate  the echo  radar of dolphin, who is able  to find easy the way in turbid water.  But  on the big depth  in the Black Sea, how it is known, the zero visibility has place.  "Hercules"  was  supplied with two "two-finger's hands".  The left  "hand"  was powerful,  adjusted  to lifting of  the heavy  objects  and the right  “hand” - is more tactful, having so called feedback.               


Robert Ballard in this autumn had produced to the world   still more sensational discovery. With the help of his underwater robots he located  the  tracks  of human settlement in about twenty kilometers of Turkey shore. It was the first evidence of giant inundation, which had  happened  on the Black Sea near seven thousands years ago.  This event, how the scientists considered, was described in Bible in the myth of Noah's Flood.

The antediluvian Black Sea was a large freshwater lake without any connection with other seas. Then in the finish of ice-age,  the Europe glaciers began to melt very quickly,  the level of the World Ocean was increased and one day a great mass of water  had poured in this lake . These streams washed away all the living, including tens thousands  of  people dwelling there.

The Mediterranean salt  water had ruined a huge mass of freshwater plankton, which rotting resulted in poisoning of the Black Sea by hydrogen sulfide. According to scientists calculations,   a half thousand years was needed  for the nature to regenerate anew the life  in the upper layers of the Black Sea.  And  it  is just not a hypothesis. Namely Ballard had discovered last year at the Black Sea bottom the freshwater  shells,  which age was  seven thousand years, covered   with the layer of  saltwater mollusks which is dated on six hundred years later.

The water without oxygen covers the Black Sea bottom also today - it is a  reason  why the building discovered by Ballard has preserved so well.  It is the destroyed rectangular construction  of size 11,7x3,9 m, made of clay and wooden  beams - the typical for stone age edifice.

After detecting the ancient building  by special "scanning"  sonars,   lowering the "robot" and fixing it on video camera, Ballard had  left his discovery in peace. Now he intends to search other signs of  civilization.

His sonars found out along the supposed  line of ancient shore hundreds of suspicious places which still ought to be investigated.Only after this, Ballard intends to begin the withdrawal of specimens for determination the exact time of Flood. 

E. Krilov, rewrite by L. Regelson.